On 1st December 1955 Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, USA and sparked the American Civil Rights movement of the 20th century.
After a long day at work, 42-year-old black seamstress Rosa Parks boarded a bus in Montgomery, Alabama. She went to the back and took a seat in the section designated for black (“colored”) people. Rosa’s subsequent refusal to give up her seat to a white passenger, as demanded by the white bus driver, resulted in her being arrested, tried and convicted for civil disobedience.
The leaders of the local black community organised a bus boycott that began the day Parks was convicted of violating the segregation laws. Led by a young Rev. Dr Martin Luther King Jr., the boycott lasted more than a year. During this time Rosa Parks lost her job!! The boycott only ended when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that bus segregation was unconstitutional. Rosa Parks went on to became a nationally recognised symbol of dignity and strength in the struggle to end entrenched racial segregation in the USA.