Michael Gove launches new draft Bill to increase max sentences for extreme animal cruelty in England from 6 months to 5 years.

Report by Battersea Dogs Battersea Dogs & Cats Home
In a visit to Battersea Dogs Battersea Dogs & Cats Home Environment Secretary Michael Gove has launched a new draft Bill to increase maximum sentences for extreme animal cruelty in England from just six months to five years. 
 The move underlines the Westminster Government’s determination to address the growing problem of animal cruelty. New legislation would enable Courts to hand out tougher sentences and thus help protect thousands of innocent animals from suffering unspeakable acts of cruelty.
The Government’s announcement has been warmly welcomed by Battersea’s Chief Executive Claire Horton:
“Battersea is greatly encouraged by the Government’s willingness to see sentences for the most shocking cases of animal cruelty increase from six months to five years and today’s DEFRA announcement takes a significant step in that direction.
“Battersea is very much at the front line of animal welfare and it’s deeply distressing to see truly shocking cases of animal cruelty and neglect come through our doors.”
Battersea showed the Secretary of State how they operate at the forefront of dog and cat welfare, taking in around 7,000 animals every year, including many that have suffered serious cruelty or neglect.
During his visit, Mr Gove saw a stray dog being cared for by Battersea staff that was still cowering in a kennel, traumatised by the abuse it had suffered in South London.
Stray Staffie Justine may have had acid thrown over her back and Battersea’s vets and experienced dog behaviourists are pulling out all the stops to help her survive. Claire Horton added:
“It’s to help dogs like Justine that Battersea is so passionate about seeing five year sentences introduced. No animal deserves to be suffering such pain. Justine is now frightened of everyone and everything.”
“The current maximum animal cruelty sentence of six months in England and Wales is neither a punishment nor a deterrent but Battersea believes today’s publication of a draft Bill could help to achieve both, and bring about some form of justice for dogs like Justine.”
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Last few days to take part in the EU consultation on banning ivory

In Fighting Illegal Ivory, EU Lags Behind

 The European Union is the largest exporter of legal ivory, leading to concern that it’s fueling a parallel illegal trade—and the slaughter of elephants.

 VIEW IMAGES

Wildlife advocates are pushing for the EU to shut down its ivory trade, which contributes to the slaughter of some 30,000 African elephants a year.
PHOTOGRAPH BY BEVERLY JOUBERT, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC CREATIVE

While China and the United States have taken steps in recent months to shut down their ivory markets, conservationists say that the European Union has been dragging its feet.

“The global shift against the trade is evident, and the EU’s failure to put its own house in order will place it in an increasingly isolated position,” says Sally Case of the David Shepherd Wildlife Foundation, a British charity that provides funding and research support for international endangered wildlife projects.

On Monday the EU Environment Council—the environment ministers of the 28 member states—will meet in Luxembourg to consider new ivory trade controls.

Global demand for ivory remains high. Legal ivory exports from the EU, especially to China and Hong Kong, as well as trade among member states, likely fuel demand and facilitate laundering of poached ivory into the trade system.

Ivory trafficking by criminal syndicates causes the poaching deaths of some 30,000 African elephants a year.

The EU is the world’s largest exporter of pre-convention ivory—ivory acquired before the creation, in 1976, of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), the body that regulates wildlife trade. In that year the African elephant was listed as at risk, and restrictions on trade in ivory came into effect.

Many Europeans in countries such as Belgium, which had African colonies, have been selling off ivory pieces they inherited in the years since nations won their independence. During the past decade EU countries legally exported more than 20,000 carvings and 564 tusks, according to CITES, and the numbers have been going up. By contrast fewer than a thousand carvings and a single tusk have been exported from the U.S. during that time.

According to an EU report, between 2003 and 2014, 92 percent of EU exports of pre-convention tusks went to China or Hong Kong. The increasing volume of ivory shipped to Asia has led to concerns that the legal trade is spurring demand for ivory, both legal and illegal, and exacerbating elephant poaching.

 VIEW IMAGES

This 11th-century carved tusk, decorated with gold-plated metal, is on display in a museum in Florence, Italy.
PHOTOGRAPH BY DEAGOSTINI, GETTY IMAGES

But Enrico Brivia—spokesperson for the EU’s Commission of the Environment, Maritime Affairs, and Fisheries—disagrees. He contends that, “In the European Union the domestic trade in pre-convention ivory is strictly regulated. There is no evidence that this domestic market has been used as a cover for illegal ivory,” he says.

The CITES wildlife trade database, however, shows that China’s and Hong Kong’s ivory imports exceed that accounted for by the number of EU export certificates.

A 2014 report on EU ivory exports notes that, “There are undoubtedly cases of fraudulent EU documents in circulation, and it is possible that falsified or forged internal EU trade certificates are being used as a basis for re-export certificate applications.”

According to the report, such certificates are used as a loophole to launder pre-convention ivory into the illegal market—a relatively easy thing to do in the EU, whose member countries are borderless when it comes to trade and where there are inconsistences in the administration of ivory export permits.

An EU document issued in February 2016 states that, “Between 2011 and 2014, EU Member States reported seizures of around 4500 ivory items reported as specimens and an additional 780 kg as reported by weight. Most was destined for Asia, particularly China, Hong Kong and Vietnam.” The report notes that “it is often difficult to distinguish pre-Convention or worked specimens, which can be legally re-exported from the EU, from other ivory items, for which such export is banned.” It points out there are many cases of buyers purchasing ivory using forged pre-convention certificates with the intention of exporting them illegally to Asia.

“When it comes to ivory policy,” says Rob Hepworth, senior advisor for the David Shepherd Wildlife Foundation and a former CITES official, “the EU is weaker as a collective entity than as individual parties.” CITES’s policies, he says, apply to individual nations, not massive trading blocs that set their own rules for internal trade.

“The current CITES resolution addressing trade in elephant ivory does not require prohibition of domestic trade,” says CITES Secretary-General John Scanlon, who adds that even though “the EU, and many of its member states, have provided great support in combating the illegal wildlife trade financially, politically and technically, measures taken in the EU are only as strong as the weakest link.”

“AFRICAN COUNTRIES BLAZING A TRAIL”

Along with the U.S. and China, in April 27 African elephant range countries that are part of the African Elephant Coalition submitted five complementary proposals to CITES to protect elephants, including the closing down of all domestic ivory markets.

“African countries are blazing a trail to shut down the global ivory market,” says Vera Weber, president of the Swiss-based Fondation Franz Weber, a partner organization of the African Elephant Coalition. “The EU needs to support their initiative and demonstrate its commitment to the world by shutting down its own market.”

Unlike Belgium, some EU nations—the Czech Republic, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Slovakia, Sweden, and the U.K.—have stopped issuing ivory export certificates and have called on Brussels to make this an EU-wide policy.

“The fact that some member states are stronger and more committed to the international law as individual nations makes a mockery of the EU,” says Stella Reynolds, an international lawyer based in France. According to Reynolds, the European Union was created “to target global industry to ensure future peace and an absence of conflict. So it’s incredible,” she says, “that the EU is hiding from its responsibility in this modern-day global ivory conflict.”

“The EU must walk the talk and abolish ivory trade once and for all,” says Daniela Freyer of Pro Wildlife, a Germany-based advocacy group specializing in regional and international wildlife regulations, in a press release. “EU ministers must demonstrate leadership to secure the survival of elephants.”

Read more stories about wildlife crime and exploitation on Wildlife Watch. Send tips, feedback, and story ideas to ngwildlife@natgeo.com.

Adam Cruise is a journalist and author specializing in wildlife, and frequently contributes to National Geographic.

In a world of 7 billion people how can we protect wildlife?

Please Take part in the UK government and EU consultations on banning the ivory trade! Every day we don’t act means there are hundreds less elephants left in the world.

One day we might wake up and realise that while we have been ignoring the issue the world’s population of elephants has become extinct.

John Scanlon, 2016

There is a growing need for a more long-term approach to elephant conservation, one which establishes buffer and cross-border zones, links up protected and already established areas, involves and supports key stakeholders, and leads to the creation of a network of corridors and destinations large enough to support resident and migratory populations.

Initiatives are gathering pace throughout wild Africa. One excellent example is the Northern Rangelands Trust (NRT) in the North Eastern Province, where a switched-on NGO is empowering local communities, linking conservancies and recreating a wonderful north Kenyan wilderness. An equally fine example is Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (Kaza) which, with the help of the Peace Parks Foundation, has negotiated a free-to-range mandate for wildlife from five southern African countries, covering 520,000 square kilometres and linking 36 protected areas.

Both NRT and Kaza are subtle, nuanced and highly complex arrangements between multiple and, sometimes, competing stakeholders. The task of protecting wild African elephants is not simply seen as a moral obligation but as a significant wealth generator – something which is key to the strategy.

A dead adult elephant is worth around $21,000 (£17,000) in ivory sales. A live one is worth $1.6m (£1.3m) in tourist income. Proposing that the 11-year moratorium on ivory sales be lifted and the proceeds from confiscated stock sales be reinvested in local communities – as Namibia and Zimbabwe did at Cites (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) this year – therefore makes little sense. The return on ivory sales pales in comparison to the financial rewards generated by mixed land-use conservation strategies. The eco-tourist industry, which is driven and grown by elephants, is more than capable of compensating for land lost to migratory corridors.

What’s good for the elephant is good for the ecosystem as a whole, which is why countries like Zimbabwe and Namibia – both, incidentally, key players in the Kaza initiative – must be persuaded of the folly of ivory stock sales. It would send the wrong message to the world and, as previous one-off sales have shown, result in a rise in killings by poaching.

The fight against antibiotic resistance must start on farms

Not only is the unnecessary use of antibiotics on farms a scapegoat for poor conditions, it is also a danger to human health. The systematic overuse of antibiotics in human and animal medicine is undermining their ability to cure life-threatening infections. Experts now predict that, globally, 10 million people a year could die from antibiotic-resistant infections by 2050. The more antibiotics that are used for farming, the more resistance there will be. Antibiotics are a vital cornerstone of human and animal medicine and across the world, there is a huge concern about how we protect them from becoming useless in the face of ever-more resistant bacteria.

IF THE SPREAD OF ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE CONCERNS YOU Join Compassion in World Farming (CIWF) and help improve the living conditions of millions of animals around the world and reduce threat of antibiotic resistance.

For more information visit https://action.ciwf.org.uk/ea-action/action?ea.client.id=119&ea.campaign.id=80712&ea.tracking.id=05bb9ddb#takeaction 

 

 http://saveourantibiotics.org/